There is the potential for a new nuclear arms race to take place after Russian Military have said that they are building space aircraft capable of launching nuclear bombs. This space plan is reportedly capable of launching a nuclear warhead from outer space to anywhere in the US within a span of two hours.
According to the news site Sputnik, Russian Military says the progress is good and this plane could be completed by 2020. The plane is not unlike the US's Boeing X-37, a mini robotic shuttle, a miniature version of the International Space Station. And that's not the problem. The problem is that it will be armed with nuclear warheads.
The vision is for the bomber to be store, and take off from, a normal home-based airfield and then travel up into space. From there it would release its nuclear warheads before returning back home.
This act would be a breach of the 1967 treaty signed by 104 countries—the Outer Space Treaty. This treaty reads: "Parties to the treaty undertake not to place in orbit around the Earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction, install such weapons on celestial bodies or station such weapons in outer space in any other manner."
In 2010, Russia accused the US of breaking International space law with the X-37B robot, accusing them of smuggling weapons into space. However, experts have deemed the X-37B too small to carry such weapons, so it was dismissed.
While this news is still speculation, if true, it is alarming. So, let's take a look at how this plane works. It appears that the bomber hitches a ride on a transport plane until it can successfully blast off into orbit. While any specifics for this plane are thin and unknown, we do know that is must be a large craft. “I think that its lift-off mass must be 20-25 metric tons for it to be a strike aircraft," Solodovnikov told Sputnik. He went on to say that he expected it to reach hypersonic speeds in rocket mode.
Let's hope nuclear war won't be able to happen from above.